Running CMD Command in PowerShell: A Beginner’s Guide

In this article, we will explore how to run CMD commands in PowerShell, taking advantage of the robustness and flexibility of PowerShell while incorporating the familiarity of CMD commands. We’ll cover the basics, as well as some advanced techniques to help you harness the power of both command-line interfaces.

Introduction to PowerShell and CMD

PowerShell and CMD are both command-line interfaces used in Windows operating systems, but they have different features and capabilities. CMD (Command Prompt) is the traditional command-line interpreter, while PowerShell is a more advanced and feature-rich shell that utilizes scripting languages. Running CMD commands in PowerShell can be useful when transitioning from CMD to PowerShell or when you encounter commands that are more familiar in CMD.

How to Check Powershell Version

Launching PowerShell

Before we dive into running CMD commands in PowerShell, let’s learn how to launch PowerShell itself. You can access PowerShell by following these steps:

  1. Press Windows Key + X and select Windows PowerShell (Admin) from the menu.
  2. The PowerShell window will open, and you’ll be ready to start executing commands.

Basic CMD Commands in PowerShell

Running basic CMD commands in PowerShell is simple. Here are some commonly used CMD commands and their equivalents in PowerShell:

Changing Directories (CD)


cd C:\Users

In PowerShell:

cd C:\Users

Listing Files and Directories (DIR)



In PowerShell:


Creating a New Directory (MD)


md NewFolder

In PowerShell:

New-Item -ItemType Directory -Name NewFolder

Removing Files or Directories (DEL, RMDIR)


del File.txt
rmdir OldFolder

In PowerShell:

Remove-Item File.txt
Remove-Item OldFolder -Recurse

Running PowerShell Commands in CMD

PowerShell commands can also be executed from CMD. This can be useful if you are more comfortable in CMD but still want to leverage the power of PowerShell. To run PowerShell commands in CMD, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Command Prompt by pressing Windows Key + R and typing cmd.
  2. Type powershell and press Enter. Now you can run PowerShell commands directly from the CMD prompt.

Combining CMD and PowerShell Commands

Combining CMD and PowerShell commands can enhance your command-line experience and increase efficiency. Two ways to achieve this are by using the pipe (|) and running CMD commands from PowerShell.

Using Pipe (|)

The pipe symbol (|) allows you to take the output of one command and use it as input for another. For example:

Get-ChildItem | Where-Object { $_.Extension -eq ".txt" }

This PowerShell command uses Get-ChildItem to list all files and directories and then pipes the output to Where-Object, which filters only the files with a .txt extension.

Running CMD Commands from PowerShell

You can run CMD commands directly within PowerShell by prefixing them with cmd /c. For example:

cmd /c ipconfig

This will execute the ipconfig command as if you were running it in CMD.

Understanding Perplexity and Burstiness in Command Line

In the context of the command line, perplexity refers to the intricacy and diversity of commands available, while burstiness is the concept of rapid and sudden usage spikes of specific commands. PowerShell’s extensive command set contributes to its high perplexity, allowing users to perform various tasks efficiently. Burstiness often occurs when certain commands become trendy or are needed in specific scenarios.

Advanced Techniques: Using Variables and Loops

PowerShell’s scripting capabilities enable the use of variables and loops, enhancing the automation and flexibility of command execution. You can assign values to variables and use them in commands or create loops to repeat actions. For example:

$counter = 1
while ($counter -le 5) {
    Write-Host "This is iteration $counter"

Troubleshooting: Common Errors and Solutions

Encountering errors is common while running commands, but troubleshooting can help you identify and resolve issues. Some common errors include mistyped commands, permission issues, or incorrect syntax. Double-checking your commands and understanding execution policies can often resolve such problems.

Security Considerations: Execution Policies

PowerShell has an execution policy that determines the scripts that can be run on a system. Understanding and managing execution policies are crucial for ensuring the security of your system. It is essential to set appropriate execution policies to prevent malicious scripts from running unintentionally.

Introduction to Batch Files: Automating Tasks

Batch files are scripts containing a series of commands that can be executed in sequence. They are useful for automating repetitive tasks or creating more complex processes. PowerShell can execute batch files, making it a versatile tool for automation.

PowerShell vs. CMD: Pros and Cons

While both PowerShell and CMD serve as command-line interfaces, they have distinct advantages and disadvantages. PowerShell’s scripting capabilities, object-oriented approach, and extensibility make it a powerful tool for automation and system management. On the other hand, CMD is lightweight and straightforward, making it convenient for quick tasks and troubleshooting.


In conclusion, running CMD commands in PowerShell allows you to leverage the strengths of both command-line interfaces and simplify your workflow. By mastering the basics of both environments and exploring their integration, you can become a more proficient and efficient user of Windows command-line interfaces.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can I run PowerShell commands in CMD without opening PowerShell separately?

Yes, you can run PowerShell commands directly from CMD by typing powershell and pressing Enter.

Are batch files compatible with PowerShell?

Yes, PowerShell can execute batch files, making it convenient for automation.

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